Procedural and distributive justice in a community-based managed MPA

April 23rd, 2014 No comments

A paper “Procedural and distributive justice in a community-based managed Marine Protected Area in Zanzibar, Tanzania” by Madeleine Gustavsson, Lars Lindström, Narriman S.Jiddawi, Maricela de la Torre-Castro, was recently published in the Marine Policy. Its abstract is attached below:

Local participation in governance and management is assumed to lead to something good. But it is rarely explicitly stated who are participating and in what. The study investigates this in the context of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in Zanzibar, Tanzania, and in particular the Memba Island – Chwaka Bay Marine Conservation Area (MIMCA). This is done by applying Pretty’s typology of participation in addressing procedural justice, which is according to Paavola linked to distributive justice, i.e. the just distribution of costs and benefits. How does participation in MIMCA facilitate procedural and distributive justice? To answer this question a number of fishermen, women seaweed farmers, local leaders, and representatives of the private sector were interviewed (n=136) in five villages. Interviews were also made with government officials at relevant departments. The results show that Village Fishermen Committees were participating in the implementation of MIMCA but not in its planning phase. Participation was mainly in the form of manipulative and passive participation. Other local actors did not participate at all. Instead, the government assumed that justice was achieved by distributing equipment, alternative income generating projects, and relying on tourism for local development. However, the distributed equipment and tourism development have created conflict and injustice within and between villages, because of the insufficient resources which did not target those in need. Tourism created problems such as inequality between livelihoods, environmental destruction and local power asymmetries between hotel management and local people. The MIMCA top-down intervention has not increased participation or justice, nor has it achieved sustainable resource use and conflict resolution. It is suggested that interactive participation by all local actors is needed to create just trade-offs. Justice needs to be explicitly addressed for integrated conservation and development projects to achieve sustainability.

Full citation: Gustavsson, M., Lindström, L., Jiddawi, N.J., de la Torre-Castro, M. 2014. Procedural and distributive justice in a community-based managed Marine Protected Area in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Marine Policy Vol. 46: 91-100.

Towards Improved Management of Tropical Invertebrate Fisheries

April 23rd, 2014 No comments

A paper “Towards Improved Management of Tropical Invertebrate Fisheries: Including Time Series and Gender” by Sara Frocklin, Maricela de la Torre-Castro, Elin Hakansson, Anna Carlsson, Madeleine Magnusson, Narriman S. Jiddawi, was recently published in the PLoS ONE. Its abstract is attached below:

Invertebrate harvesting is an important livelihood in tropical settings providing income and food for numerous populations throughout the world. However, the lack of research, policy and management directed towards this livelihood hinders the analysis of time trends to evaluate invertebrate resources status. Another missing aspect is the consideration of gender analysis, i.e., the different roles and interests of men and women engaged in this activity. Based on interviews, catch assessments and inventories this multi-disciplinary study from Chwaka Bay (Zanzibar, Tanzania) shows how unregulated harvesting of invertebrates may result in sharp declines in animal abundance over a relatively short period of time (2005 to 2010), threatening the sustainability of the fishery. Specifically, the results show that catches in general, and prime target species of gastropods and bivalves in particular, had been significantly reduced in number and size. Interviews revealed gender disparities; female harvesters experienced less access to good fishing/collecting grounds and species of high value, which subsequently resulted in lower individual income. This is tightly linked to women’s reproductive roles, which not only leads to limited mobility but also lessen their chances to accumulate livelihood assets (natural, physical, financial, social and human capital) thus impacting livelihood strategies. To protect invertebrate resources from overexploitation, and assure a constant flow of income and food for future generations, this case study illustrates the need for formal monitoring to assess changes in invertebrate resources, and possible ecological consequences, over time. Managers and policy-makers must also address gender to evaluate the contribution of all resource users, their capacity to cope with changing conditions, as well as specific interests.

Citation: Frocklin S, de la Torre-Castro M, Hakansson E, Carlsson A, Magnusson M, et al. (2014) Towards Improved Management of Tropical Invertebrate Fisheries:Including Time Series and Gender. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91161. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091161

Call for Nominations: 2014 TWAS-Lenovo Science Prize

April 23rd, 2014 No comments

The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) in partnership with Lenovo, the Chinese multinational computer hardware and electronics company, is inviting nominations for the 2014 TWAS-Lenovo Science Prize. This year the prize will be awarded to a researcher who has made significant contributions to the field of biological sciences.

The TWAS-Lenovo Science Prize is intended to give international recognition and visibility to outstanding scientific achievements made by individual scientists in developing countries. The Prize carries a monetary award of USD100, 000 provided by Lenovo, as well as a medal and a certificate highlighting the recipient’s major contributions. The prize will be presented at a special ceremony arranged by TWAS.

Nominations are invited from TWAS members, selected individuals, as well as from science academies, national research councils, universities and scientific institutions.

To be eligible, candidates must be nationals of a developing country and must have lived and worked in a developing country for the last 10 years. The prizes will only be awarded to individuals for scientific research of outstanding international merit carried out at institutions in developing countries.

Nomination forms and further details about the 2014 TWAS-Lenovo Science Prize in biological sciences are available on the TWAS website. The nomination deadline is 22 May 2014, the International Day for Biological Diversity.

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China Marine Science Scholarships – MSc and PhD

April 22nd, 2014 No comments

The State Oceanic Administration (SOA) and the Ministry of Education of China have jointly initiated the program of Marine Scholarship of China for the purpose of providing financial support to outstanding students from the coastal countries or regions around the South China Sea, the Pacific and the Indian Oceans and African developing countries to study in China for a master’s or doctoral degree in oceanography or other related specialities.

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Dugong Project: PhD opportunities

April 14th, 2014 No comments

A consortium of institutions (see below) is beginning a multi-year study of the occurrence, numbers and identity of dugongs in the Western Indian Ocean (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya and Seychelles). We have an opportunity for students at the PhD level (though we will consider MSc).  You will enrol at a local (your own country) University, though there may be an opportunity to read through a University in another country. We have scholarships available, enough to pay for your tuition, field work and a small stipend.  If selected you will be part of an important and interesting conservation effort and you will, if you work hard, receive a PhD.

For more information please contact: Dr. V G Cockcroft –

The DUGONG consortium members are:

- Kenya Wildlife Services & Kenya Marine and Fisheries Institute (Kenya)

- Zanzibar Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries & Institute of Marine Sciences, and Sea Sense (Tanzania)

- Seychelles Islands Foundation

- Universidade Eduardo Mondlane (Mozambique)

- Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria and Centre for Dolphin Studies, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (South Africa)

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Call for proposals: Understanding and valuing the marine ecosystem services of the Northern Mozambique Channel

April 14th, 2014 No comments

WWF intends to commission a consultant to conduct a study entitled ‘Understanding and valuing the marine ecosystem services of the Northern Mozambique Channel’. Download the full announcement, for details on preparation of the proposals.

The proposal should include a basic outline of the proposed approach and methodology, cost estimate (with breakdown of costs) and timeline for delivery. In addition, the proposal should be accompanied by a brief background of the consultant, CV, address, and example(s) of similar work.

The deadline for submission of proposals is 30 April 2014.

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Coral cover still going down since 2004

April 10th, 2014 No comments

WCS just released the attached press release and photo on the state of Indian Ocean corals for a paper published today in PloS One.  This study is for the period 2004 and 2011 and finds that coral cover is still declining even after the big disturbance in 1998 but there are some sites in good condition that are priorities for conservation.

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April 3rd, 2014 No comments

The WIO-COMPAS Programme assesses and certifies Marine Protected Area (MPA) Professionals in the WIO Region based on recognized standards of excellence. It promotes competences, professional growth and ethical conduct. Are YOU ready to become a certified MPA PRO?  See the details below to apply for the next certification event.

The Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA) in partnership with the Coastal Resources Center at the University of Rhode Island (CRC) is pleased to announce the 4th offering of Level 2~Site Management Certification for Marine Protected Area Professionals to be held on the 11th-16th  August  2014.

Who can apply

Applicants should ideally be MPA professionals working in an MPA within the region (equivalent of MPA Manager, Assistant Manager, Site Manager, Warden or Section Ranger ) or  Professionals working within NGOs that work with MPAs; must have at least three years experience performed at a level equivalent to a level 2 MPA management professional; should have a minimum of a secondary school certificate and/or Level 1 Certification and should have written proficiency in the language of assessment (English/ French/ Portuguese).

This level is ideally suited to professionals performing principally management, supervisory and administrative functions and responsibilities that include but are not limited to:

  • Development of management plans and supervision of plan implementation. 
  • Providing input into organizational policy. 
  • Engaging in management planning and review, supervision of practical management activities, monitoring and evaluation, negotiating with partners and contractors, fundraising from local/national sources, developing and managing budgets. 
  • Direct interaction/communication with local community and resource user groups, researchers/institutions, local partners and co-management organizations (including local and national non-governmental organizations, local municipalities and government departments), staff, volunteers, contractors, and local/national media. Writing reports and media articles 
  • Training/mentoring of staff.

If you meet all of the above entry requirements, and would like to apply:

Deadline for Application:

The deadline for receiving applications is 2nd June 2014.

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Call for expression of interest in IFS Collaborative Research Grants 2014

April 2nd, 2014 No comments

Call for expression of interest in IFS Collaborative Research Grants 2014 Focusing on Biodiversity
IFS announces a call for Collaborative Research Proposals from early-career scientists in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda, with a focus on research into biodiversity
Interested young researchers from these countries are invited to express their interest to participate in the development of collaborative research proposals by filling out the expression of interest form here:
Those who express interest will be invited to join an online collaborative environment that is being used for this project. You do not need to know any collaborators before expressing interest. The purpose of the online environment is for researchers to find and get to know suitable collaborators, create research teams and prepare proposals for submission to IFS. Further instructions will follow to those who register interest to participate.

Eligibility criteria:
•         You are a citizen of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania or Uganda and carrying out your research in any of these countries
•         You have a Masters or PhD degree (or equivalent academic degree)
•         You are doing/will do research on some aspect of biodiversity
•         For first time IFS grant applicants, men should be younger than 35; women should be younger than 40 years of age
•         For those who already had a grant from IFS, you may participate in this programme and apply for a Collaborative Research Grant provided IFS have accepted your report on the previous IFS Grant, no later than the closing date for application submissions for this programme
•         You are attached to a university, national research institution or a research oriented and not-for-profit NGO
Expression of interest form:
Deadline:  April 27, 2014

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Call for authors – Estuaries of the World Series volume on the Western Indian Ocean

April 2nd, 2014 No comments

Prospective authors are invited to submit a title and abstract according to the following directives:

  • The length of abstracts should be between 150 to 250 words.
  • Abstracts should be in the English language.
  • Abstracts should be submitted as soft copy in Microsoft Word or compatible software.
  • The deadline for receipt and acceptance of abstracts is 30 April 2014.
  • Abstracts should be submitted to the follow e-mail address:

Full papers will be requested from selected authors only. The selection of authors will occur by 31 May 2014. The timeline for preparation of full papers will be 31 October 2014.

For further guidelines for the preparation of papers, we refer to the “Springer book series” manuscripts guidelines:

Download the full announcement