The latest issue of theWIOMSA Magazine, with a theme “Marine Protected Areas and Tourism: Making MPAs self-sustaining” is out! This issue looks at tourism and MPAs from the perspective of MPA Managers themselves. These managers who are on the front lines are discussing about the real-world challenges and successes in balancing conservation and tourism. The Issue highlights case studies where paying for ecosystem services and community focused marine tourism has worked for MPAs in Seychelles, Madagascar, Tanzania, Mozambique, Kenya and South Africa.
The Environmental Evaluation Unit, University of Cape Town, South Africa and the ABS Capacity Development Initiative are organizing a Training Course to Build Africa Capacity in Access and Benefit Sharing that will be held in Zanzibar, Tanzania from 5-9 May 2014.
The deadline for submission of application form has been extended to 13 December 2013.
A paper “Fish and sea urchin grazing opens settlement space equally but urchins reduce survival of coral recruits” by Jennifer K. O’Leary, Donald Potts, Kathryn M. Schoenrock, Timothy R. McClahanan, was recently published in the Marine Ecology Progress Series. Its abstract is attached below:
Grazing fishes and invertebrates are influential in marine ecosystems because they open space for benthic recruits, alter post-settlement recruit survival, and can often determine benthic community composition. On tropical reefs, grazing fishes and sea urchins can play key roles in limiting growth of fleshy macro-algae, thereby facilitating coral recruitment and maintaining coral-dominated communities. However, as grazer abundance increases, grazer influence on corals (or other settlers) may shift from being positive and indirect by reducing space competitors, to being negative and direct by damage or removal of coral recruits. Fishing can alter both the abundances and types of dominant grazers, with potential cascading effects on coral recruitment and subsequent community organization. In Kenya, sea urchins dominate grazing on heavily fished reefs, while herbivorous and omnivorous fishes dominate grazing within fisheries closures (marine protected areas). We used reefs under these 2 fishery management systems to investigate the effects of fish versus sea urchin grazing on the availability of settlement substrate for corals, subsequent coral settlement, and mortality of coral recruits. Fish and sea urchin grazers were equally effective at clearing benthic space for coral settlement. However, grazing associated with high densities of sea urchins on fished reefs removed many coral recruits after settlement. In contrast, fish grazing within fisheries closures enhanced coral survival compared to non-grazed treatments. We conclude that the effects of reduced abundance of grazing fishes (on available space for coral settlement) may be initially offset by increased sea urchin grazing, but that higher urchin abundances may ultimately reduce coral cover by their negative influence on post-settlement survival.
Full citation: O’Leary, J.K., D. Potts, K.M. Schoenrock, T.R. McClahanan. 2013. Fish and sea urchin grazing opens settlement space equally but urchins reduce survival of coral recruits. Mar Ecol Prog Ser Vol. 493: 165–177. doi: 10.3354/meps10510
A paper Fish Traders as Key Actors in Fisheries: Gender and Adaptive Management by Sara Frocklin, Maricela de la Torre-Castro, Lars Lindstrom, and Narriman S. Jiddawi, was recently published in the Ambio. Its abstract is attached below:
This paper fills an important gap towards adaptive management of small-scale fisheries by analysing the gender dimension of fish trade in Zanzibar, Tanzania. We hypothesize that gender-based differences are present in the fish value chain and to test the hypothesis interviews were performed to analyze: (i) markets, customers, and mobility, (ii) material and economic resources, (iii) traded fish species, (iv) contacts and organizations, and (v) perceptions and experiences. Additionally, management documents were analyzed to examine the degree to which gender is considered. Results show that women traders had less access to social and economic resources, profitable markets, and high-value fish, which resulted in lower income. These gender inequalities are linked, among others, to women’s reproductive roles such as childcare and household responsibilities. Formal fisheries management was found to be gender insensitive, showing how a crucial feedback element of adaptive management is missing in Zanzibar’s management system, i.e., knowledge about key actors, their needs and challenges.
Full citation: Frocklin, S., M. de la Torre-Castro, L. Lindstrom, and N.S. Jiddawi 2013. Fish Traders as Key Actors in Fisheries: Gender and Adaptive Management. Ambio 42: 951–962. DOI 10.1007/s13280-013-0451-1
The Second Issue of the Symposium Newsletter is out with several announcements on social events to be held on 31 October and 1 November and special sessions scheduled for 31 October 2013. Also included are articles on upcoming events. Download the Issue
The First Issue of the Symposium Newsletter is out! The objective of the Newsletter is to provide an avenue for participants and interested parties to communicate information to delegates on news items, book launches, bursaries, courses, student adverts, invitations to special sessions, job adverts etc.It will also be used by the organizers to communicate major announcements to delegates. The Newsletter covers the following articles:
- The Maputo Bay Ecosystem Book Launch
- Invitations to special sessions
- Information on recent publications
- Book sale at the symposium
- Aquaculture conference
- Recent Secretariat of the Pacific Communities Publications
The deadline for submission of articles for the second issue is 28 October 2013.
A new book entitled “Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations in the Western Indian Ocean: Research for Management” by Jan Robinson and Melita Samoilys is out. According to Prof Yvonne Sadovy de Mitcheson, “This book is one of firsts. It is the first documentation of commercially important reef fishes that aggregate to spawn in the western Indian Ocean. It is the first to develop a framework for processing information in data- and management-poor situations where fisheries important to local communities must, somehow, nonetheless be managed. It is the first to explore in detail the outcomes of different management scenarios across very different species fished in very different ways within the same region. In taking this approach, the book also tackles head-on some of the critical questions that we must ask as we come to learn more about spawning aggregations and their fisheries.”. The book consists of thirteen chapters that explore some very different aggregating species with very different responses to fishing.
You can download the book from http://wiomsa.net/index.php?option=com_jdownloads&Itemid=53&view=viewdownload&catid=70&cid=1044
Full Citation: Robinson J and Samoilys MA (Co-editors) (2013) Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations in the Western Indian Ocean: Research for Management. WIOMSA/SIDA/SFA/CORDIO. WIOMSA Book Series 13.
The 2012 Annual Report is out with some very interesting articles! The report highlights the Associations key projects and achievements, presenting its financial statements and results and profiling selected work from WIOMSA and its partners.
Download the Report
Hope you will enjoy reading it. Comments are welcome.
The Second Announcement of the Eighth WIOMSA Scientific Symposium is out.
Download the announcement.
Please circulate the Announcement widely